Ugab River, Namibia
Elusive and ecologically vital, Namibia’s Ugab River only flows above ground for a few days each year. The subterranean waters underlying this ephemeral river, however, are shallow enough in places to fill hollows and sustain a wildlife population that includes black rhinos and rare desert elephants. In this 2002 Landsat 7 image, the river passes through nearly vertical layers of thinly bedded limestone, sandstone, and siltstone. One of Namibia’s major rivers, the Ugab stretches nearly 500 kilometers from the interior to the
coast of the Atlantic.