Erg Iguidi, Algeria and Mauritania
Ridges of wind-blown sand flow across Erg Iguidi, a Saharan sand sea. Erg Iguidi is one of several Saharan ergs and extends from Algeria into Mauritania in northwestern Africa. The dunes (in yellow) are about 250 meters wide, rising high above the sand sea. Winds blow from the northwest to the southeast, often under the influence of oceanic monsoons. In this 1985 Landsat 5 image, dunes in the center and upper left lie atop black sandstone rock while the light blue and white areas are edges of the chalk plateaus in the region.